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  • Annemeet Hasidi-van Der Leij

Discovery of the bulla of Juhucal son of Shelemiah (Shelemyahu), son of Shovi

Updated: Jul 29, 2022

A series of recent digs at the City of David in Jerusalem have uncovered a new and impressive collection of stamped clay pieces known as bullae. These bullae were used to seal ancient documentation, in exactly the same manner as modern wax seal stamps. They carried the names of officials, and occasionally small motifs. This particular bulla carried the name of Jehucal, son of Shelemiah, son of Shovi. Jehucal was a biblical official in the time of King Josiah and the prophet Jeremiah.

א וַיִּמְלָךְ-מֶלֶךְ--צִדְקִיָּהוּ, בֶּן-יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ: תַּחַת, כָּנְיָהוּ בֶּן-יְהוֹיָקִים, אֲשֶׁר הִמְלִיךְ

נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ-בָּבֶל, בְּאֶרֶץ יְהוּדָה.

ב וְלֹא שָׁמַע הוּא וַעֲבָדָיו, וְעַם הָאָרֶץ: אֶל-דִּבְרֵי יְהוָה--אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר, בְּיַד יִרְמְיָהוּ הַנָּבִיא.

ג וַיִּשְׁלַח הַמֶּלֶךְ צִדְקִיָּהוּ אֶת-יְהוּכַל בֶּן-שֶׁלֶמְיָה, וְאֶת-צְפַנְיָהוּ בֶן-מַעֲשֵׂיָה הַכֹּהֵן, אֶל-יִרְמְיָהוּ הַנָּבִיא, לֵאמֹר: הִתְפַּלֶּל-נָא בַעֲדֵנוּ, אֶל-יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ.

ל"ז יִרְמְיָהוּ

1.And Zedekiah the son of Josiah reigned as king, instead of Coniah the son of Jehoiakim, whom Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon made king in the land of Judah.

2.But neither he, nor his servants, nor the people of the land, did hearken unto the words of the LORD, which He spoke by the prophet Jeremiah.

3.And Zedekiah the king sent Jehucal the son of Shelemiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, to the prophet Jeremiah, saying: 'Pray now unto the LORD our God for us.' Jeremiah 37: 1-3

א וַיִּשְׁמַע שְׁפַטְיָה בֶן-מַתָּן, וּגְדַלְיָהוּ בֶּן-פַּשְׁחוּר, וְיוּכַל בֶּן-שֶׁלֶמְיָהוּ, וּפַשְׁחוּר בֶּן-מַלְכִּיָּה:

אֶת-הַדְּבָרִים--אֲשֶׁר יִרְמְיָהוּ מְדַבֵּר אֶל-כָּל-הָעָם, לֵאמֹר. ב כֹּה, אָמַר יְהוָה, הַיֹּשֵׁב בָּעִיר הַזֹּאת, יָמוּת בַּחֶרֶב בָּרָעָב וּבַדָּבֶר; וְהַיֹּצֵא אֶל-הַכַּשְׂדִּים יחיה (וְחָיָה), וְהָיְתָה-לּוֹ נַפְשׁוֹ לְשָׁלָל וָחָי. {ס}

ל"ח יִרְמְיָהוּ

1.And Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashhur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah spoke unto all the people, saying:

2.'Thus saith the LORD: He that remaineth in this city shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence; but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey, and he shall live. Jeremiah 38: 1-2

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