• Annemeet Hasidi-van der Leij.

Is UNESCO right? History of Jerusalem, part 1


Is Unesco right? Is there no Jewish history in Jerusalem?

History of the city of Jerusalem: The first mention of Jerusalem in the Bible is in Genesis 14: "After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley). Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram, saying, "Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth. And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.” Genesis 14: 17- 21. Melchizedek or Malki-Tzedek , in Hebrew: מַלְכִּי־צֶדק , which means ‘my king (is) righteous(ness)’ was the king of Salem, the nowadays Jerusalem, and priest of El Elyon, in Hebrew; עליון אל or God Most High. The time Abraham and his wife Sara entered this land is estimated to have been around 1800 BCE. “Then God said, "Take your son, your only son, Isaac, whom you love, and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains I will tell you about." Genesis 22: 2. Mount Moriah is believed to be the mountain where the two Jewish Temples once stood, therefore called the Temple Mount, and where today you can see the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Around 1200 BCE Jerusalem was conquered by the Canaanites (Jebusites). They built a wall around the ‘City of David’ and built the tunnel to the Gihon spring plus the ‘Spring Towers,’ and also built a wall around the ‘Spring Towers.’The Temple Mount was a threshing floor during the time the city was in the hands of the Canaanites or Jebusites, and probably before as well as can be explained by the fact that this was the place God ordered Abraham to sacrifice his son to Him. Threshing is the process of loosening the edible part of cereal grain (or other crop) from the scaly, inedible chaff that surrounds it. It is the step in grain preparation after harvesting and before winnowing, which separates the loosened chaff from the grain. Threshing does not remove the bran from the grain. Threshing may be done by beating the grain using a flail on a threshing floor. Another traditional method of threshing is to make donkeys or oxen walk in circles on the grain on a hard surface. It was very common to also make sacrifices on the threshing floor, for instance to thank the gods for the harvest.

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